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Edizione originale

Autore: Kevin Kelly
Titolo: Out of Control: The New Biology of Machines, Social Systems and the Economic World
Anno: 1995
Editore: Perseus Books Group
Sito dedicato all'opera
Link per l'acquisto


"Out of Control is a summary of what we know about self-sustaining systems, both living ones such as a tropical wetland, or an artificial one, such as a computer simulation of our planet. The last chapter of the book, "The Nine Laws of God," is a distillation of the nine common principles that all life-like systems share. The major themes of the book are:
* As we make our machines and institutions more complex, we have to make them more biological in order to manage them.
* The most potent force in technology will be artificial evolution. We are already evolving software and drugs instead of engineering them.
* Organic life is the ultimate technology, and all technology will improve towards biology.
* The main thing computers are good for is creating little worlds so that we can try out the Great Questions. Online communities let us ask the question "what is a democracy; what do you need for it?" by trying to wire a democracy up, and re-wire it if it doesn't work. Virtual reality lets us ask "what is reality?" by trying to synthesize it. And computers give us room to ask "what is life?" by providing a universe in which to create computer viruses and artificial creatures of increasing complexity. Philosophers sitting in academies used to ask the Great Questions; now they are asked by experimentalists creating worlds.
* As we shape technology, it shapes us. We are connecting everything to everything, and so our entire culture is migrating to a "network culture" and a new network economics.
* In order to harvest the power of organic machines, we have to instill in them guidelines and self-governance, and relinquish some of our total control."


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